Trade in products subject to SPS measures has the potential to generate considerable economic benefits for economies.  However, the preference for economic interests over other important health policy issues requires careful consideration by governments and the international community.  4. Risk assessment The assessment of the likelihood of the establishment, establishment or spread of a pest or disease in the territory of an importing Member, based on the sanitary or phytosanitary measures that could be applied and the potential biological and economic consequences therefrom; or the assessment of the potential for adverse effects on human or animal health resulting from the presence of additives, contaminants, toxins or pathogenic organisms in food, beverages or feed. One of the provisions of the SPS Convention is the obligation for members to facilitate the provision of technical assistance to developing countries, either through relevant international organizations or bilaterally. FAO, OIE and WHO have extensive programmes to assist developing countries in food security, animal and plant health. A number of countries also have important bilateral programmes with other WTO members in these areas. The WTO secretariat has organized a programme of regional seminars to inform developing countries (and Central and Eastern European countries) in detail of their rights and obligations under this Agreement. These seminars are organised in collaboration with Codex, OIE and IPPC to ensure that governments are aware of the role these organisations can play in helping countries meet their needs and reap the full benefits of the SPS Agreement. Interested private professional organisations and consumer organisations may participate in the seminars.
The WTO secretariat also provides technical assistance through national workshops and for governments through them in Geneva. Back to top of page These include sanitary and phytosanitary measures to protect the health of fish and wildlife as well as forests and wildlife. . . .
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