Even if both sides agreed on the terms, the treaty is unquestionably in favour of the Quraian side. Nevertheless, the Prophet s.a.w saw something that his companions did not see in the treaty, an opportunity to strengthen initiatives to strengthen community and nation initiatives in Madinah. For Madinah to prosper, securing peace on its border is indeed a strategic decision of the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. The acceptance and adherence of the prophet s.a.w to the conditions, despite its imbalances, should ensure peace and not be involved in eternal conflict and war. From the content of the treaty, there are three things that the prophet s.a.w could benefit from Madinah and ultimately Islam with regard to the buildings of the community: 1) religious freedom was observed, which is not practiced in Makkah It is enshrined in the treaty that the people of Makkah declare their faith as Muslims and therefore, practice Islam. Permission is only required to leave Makkah if they intend to join the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w and his companions to live in Madinah. Freedom of religion is an important element in the construction of communities. In his book on international relations, Abu Zahrah mentioned nine essential principles for maintaining and facilitating good human relations between Muslims and non-Muslims. One of them is religious freedom, as mentioned in the Koran: Muhammad and his followers were camping outside Mecca, and Muhammad met with emissaries from Mecca who wanted to prevent pilgrims from Mecca. After the negotiations, both sides decided to solve the problem through diplomacy, not war, and a treaty was developed.  Upon his return from Hudaibiyah and later towards the end of the 6th hijrah year, the prophet s.a.w wrote letters to the kings then present to present the message of Islam.
It was reported that the prophet s.a.w sent messengers to 10 kings, to name a few; Najashi of Habsyah, Muqawqis of Egypt, Kisra or Khosrov of Persia and Qaisar or Caesar of Rome and this is recorded in `Ar-Rahiqul Makhtum` or The Sealed Nectar by As-Sheikh Sofiyurrrahman Al-Mubarakfurii. The suspension of war activities for ten years – in accordance with the treaty – neutralized the long state of conflict in the region between the Muslims of Madinah and Quraisch of Makkah. The ceasefire facilitated the peace process between them and introduced Islam to other empires scattered throughout the region and beyond. Even if the letters invite their recipients to Islam, it is important to note that the prophet s.a.w maintained the principle of human dignity and religious freedom. Therefore, there is no element of constraint, as Sheikh Ali Jumah mentions in his book “Four Examples of Prophetic Leadership in Coexistence with Other Principles, Principles and Objectives.” In fact, the message of Islam is intended for the entire universe, as stated in the Quran: . “Blessed is the one who brought down the test on his servant so that he can be a warning in the worlds” 2) An opportunity to forge a multilateral relationship with other tribes or communities: part of the treaty is to allow any community to reach an agreement and establish a bilateral relationship with Madinah. This treaty will contribute to the construction and development of the Community in Madinah. Whenever a tribe or community is inclined to peace with Muslims, Muslims tend, as Allah commanded in the Quran: “ٱلَّذِى “ٱلۡفُرۡقَانَ عَلَىٰ عَبۡدِهِ” ٱلۡفُرۡقَانَ عَلَىٰ عَبۡدِهِ” لِلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ “And if they tend to peace, they tend to approach him and defer to Allah.
Indeed, it is he who hears and who knows.” The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah was very important in Islam. After the treaty was signed, the Quraysh of Mecca no longer considered Muhammad a rebel or a refugee from Mecca. They also recognized the Islamic State in Medina by signing the treaty.
Posted in: UncategorizedLeave a Comment (0) ↓