Introduction to agricultural trade within the WTO Links to the agricultural department of the WTO`s “Understanding the WTO” Guide The most radical proposal is that the WTO relax domestic support rules. Since there are many ways to dissect the cat, one method would be to grant a waiver to WTO disciplines in some cases, for example. B, when food is purchased by low-income or low-resource producers. This was a proposal from the G33 countries in 2012, but it did not find any traction. The G33 is a coalition of developing countries that are particularly concerned about agriculture. Despite its name, the group currently has 47 members. Discussions among members on their agricultural policies have intensified, particularly since the beginning of the COVID 19 pandemic. Recalling the record number of questions (520) raised by members in 2020 on the implementation of their respective commitments, the Chair said: “This commitment reflects the value that members bring to the review function of the WTO Agriculture Committee.” WTO information on agriculture, including communications from WTO members Video: How AGIMS MEMBERS made important decisions on agriculture at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Nairobi, Kenya in 2015. These include the obligation to remove agricultural export subsidies, decisions on public storage for food security purposes, a special safeguard mechanism for developing countries and trade rules for cotton. At the WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, in 2013, ministers also agreed on a range of agriculture-related issues. The theme of COVID-19 and agriculture will be included as a permanent item on the Committee`s agenda at the request of members at the June special session. Members reviewed nine ad hoc reports on agricultural measures related to COVID-19 and four joint statements by members. It should be noted that all of these issues are exclusively within the framework of our own initiatives and decisions.
WTO meetings on the agricultural agreement should take into account all the other important issues common to many other developing countries in the same socio-economic belt and analyze their impact on Indian agriculture from India`s perspective. We must also be aware that sitting at the negotiating table without proper study and evaluation of the possible effects of forced settlements as part of the mandate reform process will seriously affect not only our agricultural production and distribution, but also the fundamental viability of the country`s agricultural economy. Some members stressed the importance of both periodic and ad hoc reports to improve transparency in emergency situations such as the COVID 19 pandemic. They hailed the WTO`s goods measurement scheme on the WTO website COVID-19 as a useful tool for monitoring members` agricultural measures. Some have suggested adding a farm measurement tracker or finding a way to simply go through all the agricultural measures. Some members welcomed the WFP statement. They stressed the importance of humanitarian food aid for the pandemic to ensure food security for vulnerable populations and called on members to speed up negotiations within the Committee to reach an agreement that excludes WFP humanitarian purchases from export restrictions. The WTO elections focus on the different methods used by the United States and India to calculate agricultural subsidies. While the United States claims that the MPS for rice in 2013-14 was as high as 77 percent of the value of production and 65 percent for wheat, India says its market support for rice was as low as 5.45 percent and negative for wheat.
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